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Role of Silicon on Enhancing Disease Resistance in Tropical Fruits and Vegetables: A Review

Authors:

Darshani Weerahewa ,

The Open University of Sri Lanka, LK
About Darshani
Department of Botany
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Kosala Somapala

The Open University of Sri Lanka, LK
About Kosala
Department of Botany
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Abstract

Silicon (Si) has proven to enhance disease resistance in a wide range of tropical fruits and vegetables. It has been used in controlling various diseases: mildews, rots, moulds, wilt, blight, anthracnose and leaf spots. However, the highest number of records was available on reducing diseases of powdery mildews on fruits and vegetables belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae. Silicon-mediated defense responses in plant pathosystems are mainly attributed to the physical resistance, which involves reduced penetrability and/or increased hardness and abrasiveness of plant tissues because of silica deposition. The main mechanism is the chemical resistance, which involves chemical defenses to pathogen attack through the enhanced production of defensive enzymes and the production of antifungal compounds such as phenolic metabolism products, phytoalexins and pathogenesis related proteins. Silicon has been applied as soluble silicates to the substrate or to soilless media at pre-harvest level on reducing disease susceptibility. Post-harvest dips of fresh produce in silicate solutions and use of Si combined with a biocontrol agent are other aspects of silicon application in controlling diseases in fruits and vegetables.
DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ouslj.v11i0.7347
How to Cite: Weerahewa, D. & Somapala, K., (2016). Role of Silicon on Enhancing Disease Resistance in Tropical Fruits and Vegetables: A Review. OUSL Journal. 11, pp.135–162. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ouslj.v11i0.7347
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Published on 29 Dec 2016.
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