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Phytoremediation Potential of Lemna minor for Removal of Cr(VI) in Aqueous Solution at the Optimum Nutrient Strength

Authors:

M. Thayaparan,

The Open University of Sri Lanka, LK
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S. S. Iqbal ,

The Open University of Sri Lanka, LK
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M. C. M Iqbal

The Open University of Sri Lanka, LK
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Abstract

Toxic heavy metal pollution of water and soil is a major environmental concern for which conventional remediation approaches do not provide an appropriate solution. Phytoremediation, which involves removal of pollutants from water and soil through plants, is of low cost and environmentally friendly. In this study, the phytoremediation potential of Le mna mino r for the uptake of Cr(VI) at the optimum nutrient strength for Cr(VI) uptake was investigated. Capacity assessment for chromium absorption by Le mn a mino r was carried out for 7 days at different levels of chromium concentrations. The time required for significant absorption of chromium was estimated in a time course experiment by growing Le mna min o r in 3 mg/L chromium solution in which the plant showed no toxicity. Plant samples were harvested at 24 hour intervals for 5 days and wet weight was obtained to determine relative growth; the dried samples were analyzed for chromium using Atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Plant growth decreased significantly with increasing concentration of chromium in the nutrient solution and chlorophyll content (greenness) was also affected. Maximum uptake of chromium (5.8 x 103 µg/g dw) was at 8 mg/L in ambient solution. However, the bio-concentration factor (BCF) decreased with increasing chromium in the ambient solution. The BCF was 1000 for chromium up to 3 mg/L. In the time course experiment, growth of Le mn a mino r and chromium accumulation increased significantly with time up to the 3rd day (3119 µg/g dw). These results suggest that Le mn a mino r is an extreme accumulator of chromium and could be considered for chromium (VI) removal from waterways.

OUSL Journal Vol.9 2015: 97-112

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ouslj.v9i0.7329
How to Cite: Thayaparan, M., Iqbal, S.S. & Iqbal, M.C.M., (2015). Phytoremediation Potential of Lemna minor for Removal of Cr(VI) in Aqueous Solution at the Optimum Nutrient Strength. OUSL Journal. 9, pp.97–111. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ouslj.v9i0.7329
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Published on 16 Dec 2015.
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